It is sunnat to do talqin Oct 30, 2007 10:01:23 GMT
Post by ottoman on Oct 30, 2007 10:01:23 GMT
It is sunnat to do talqin [Prompting the articles of iman to the deceased person, so that he may answer the interrogating angels.] [standing against the qibla and the grave] after the burial. It has been said (by savants) that it might as well not be done. It is said in the book Majma-ul Anhur, "It was said that it would be possible to do talqin even after death. For the soul and wisdom are given back, and the deceased one understands the talqin. The same applies in the Madhhab of Shafi'i. Although some savants argued that talqin has neither been commanded nor forbidden, (therefore it is not permissible), it would be better to do it." It is written in the book Jawhara that it would be legitimate to do talqin to the deceased in the grave. In the book Nur-ul yaqin fi mabhas-it talqin, it is proved with various evidence that it is sunnat to do the talqin. It is written in Jila-ul qulub and Ghaliyya that: "Rasulullah ('alaihissalatu wassalam) commanded talqin to be done after the burial. And he himself performed the talqin." It is written in detail in the comments on the book Birghiwi Vasiyetnamesi by Kadizada how the talqin is to be done. There is no need to do talqin to people who will not be interrogated in the grave. It is written in Siraj, "The savants of Ahl- as sunnat unanimously declare that all people will be questioned in the grave. A dead child will be inspired as to how to answer by Allahu ta'ala." Ibn Abdul Berr and Imam-i Suyuti say that, "Only the Ahl-i qibla will be questioned, whether they be true believers or hypocrites." Accordingly, the report stating that Hadrat 'Umar was questioned and giving a quotation of his answers is correct. Muhammad bin Alqami, a disciple of Suyuti, passed away in 929 hijri. He says in his explanation of his master's book of ahadith, Jami'us saghir: "Disbelievers are not questioned in the grave. Of believers, nine kinds of people are not questioned in their grave: a martyr, a person who dies while keeping guard against the enemy, a person who dies of an epidemic disease such as plague or cholera, a person who does not flee when such a disease spreads, who waits patiently and then dies for some other reason, Siddiqs, children who have not reached the age of puberty, those who die on Friday or on Friday night (the night between Thursday and Friday), those who read the Surat-at Tabaraka [and the Surat-as Sajda] every night, those who read the Surat-al Ikhlas on their deathbed are not questioned in their grave. Prophets ('alaihimussalam) are included among the Siddiqs." A deceased person who has remained in his coffin for a few days is not questioned. The questioning is done in the grave. Kadizada Ahmad Effendi says in the book Amantu sharhi, which is named Faraid-ul- fawaid, "The questions are on some of the articles of iman or on various articles of iman and deeds; or different people are asked different questions." The book Iman ve Ibadat, by Mudarris Muhammad Demir Hafiz, was published in 1344 , and was authorized by the committee of scrutiny of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. It is written in that book, "The following must be memorized for answering the angels of Munkar and Nakir in the grave: My Rab (Creator, Owner) is Allahu ta'ala, my Prophet is Muhammad 'alaihissalam', my Din (religion) is Islam, my (holy) Book is the Qur'an-i 'aziymushshan, my Qibla is the Kaba-i Sharif, my Madhhab in belief is Ahl as-sunnat wal jamaat, my Madhhab in deeds is Imam-i azam Abu Hanifa." Ahmad Asim Effendi says in the explanation of Amali, "Even if a corpse was broken into pieces and then eaten by wolves, or burned in a fire, or decayed in the sea, he will certainly be questioned and will suffer the torment or enjoy the blessings of the grave.